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Navigating Family Code Section 3027.1: False Child Abuse Allegations

Posted by Michael Geller | Sep 10, 2023 | 0 Comments


Family law proceedings can be emotionally charged and contentious affairs, particularly when child custody is at stake. In California, Family Code Section 3027.1 aims to address the serious issue of false child abuse allegations in such cases. This legal provision serves as a crucial safeguard to ensure that the best interests of the child are protected while preventing the misuse of allegations for personal gain or revenge. In this blog, we will explore the implications of Family Code Section 3027.1 and how it works to strike a balance between protecting children and safeguarding against false accusations.

Family Code Section 3027.1

(a) If a court determines, based on the investigation described in Section 3027 or other evidence presented to it, that an accusation of child abuse or neglect made during a child custody proceeding is false and the person making the accusation knew it to be false at the time the accusation was made, the court may impose reasonable money sanctions, not to exceed all costs incurred by the party accused as a direct result of defending the accusation, and reasonable attorney's fees incurred in recovering the sanctions, against the person making the accusation. For the purposes of this section, “person” includes a witness, a party, or a party's attorney.

(b) On motion by any person requesting sanctions under this section, the court shall issue its order to show cause why the requested sanctions should not be imposed. The order to show cause shall be served on the person against whom the sanctions are sought and a hearing thereon shall be scheduled by the court to be conducted at least 15 days after the order is served.

(c) The remedy provided by this section is in addition to any other remedy provided by law.

The Purpose of Family Code Section 3027.1

Family Code Section 3027.1 was enacted to discourage the filing of false child abuse allegations during child custody disputes. False accusations can have devastating consequences, not only for the accused but also for the child involved. In many cases, these allegations are made strategically to gain an upper hand in custody battles or to tarnish the reputation of the other parent. This statute was introduced to address these issues and promote fairness and justice in custody cases.

Consequences of False Allegations

If a court finds that a party has intentionally made false child abuse allegations, there can be severe consequences. These consequences can include:

  1. Custody Modification: One of the most significant potential outcomes is a modification of custody arrangements. The court may change custody from the parent who made the false allegations to the other parent if it is deemed in the best interests of the child.

  2. Legal Sanctions: The party making false allegations may face legal sanctions, including fines and penalties.

  3. Loss of Credibility: False allegations can damage the credibility of the accusing party in future court proceedings. This can affect not only custody matters but also other family law issues.

  4. Emotional Impact: False allegations can have a lasting emotional impact on the child involved. The court may consider this when making custody determinations.

Balancing Act

Family Code Section 3027.1 strikes a delicate balance between protecting children from abuse and preventing the misuse of the legal system. On one hand, it is crucial to ensure that children are safe and protected from any form of abuse or harm. On the other hand, it is equally important to prevent false accusations that can be used to manipulate custody proceedings or harm a parent's reputation unjustly.

It is essential for courts to carefully evaluate the evidence presented when false allegations are raised. The higher standard of proof ensures that a mere accusation is not enough to trigger the severe consequences outlined in the statute. Courts must weigh the evidence and make a determination based on the best interests of the child.


Family Code Section 3027.1 in California plays a vital role in maintaining fairness and integrity in child custody proceedings. While it is essential to protect children from abuse and harm, it is equally important to prevent false allegations that can harm innocent parties and the children involved. This statute, with its high standard of proof and potential consequences for false accusations, encourages parties to approach custody disputes with honesty and integrity while safeguarding the welfare of the child. Ultimately, the goal is to ensure that children are placed in a safe and nurturing environment, free from manipulation and deceit.

About the Author

Michael Geller

Michael Geller grew up in San Francisco, CA. He attended the University of Southern California for his undergraduate studies, the City University of New York for his medical training, and Santa Clara University School of Law for his legal education.


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