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The Impact of Domestic Violence on Child Custody in California: Understanding Family Code Section 3044

Posted by Michael Geller | Sep 20, 2023 | 0 Comments

Child custody battles can be emotionally charged and legally complex, especially when domestic violence is involved. In California, Family Code Section 3044 plays a pivotal role in determining child custody arrangements when there is a history of domestic violence. This blog post explores how domestic violence affects child custody in California and delves into the details of Family Code Section 3044.

The Presumption Against Custody or Visitation

Family Code Section 3044 establishes a significant legal presumption: that it is detrimental to the best interests of the child for a parent who has committed domestic violence against the other parent, the child, or the child's siblings to have sole or joint physical or legal custody. This presumption is not absolute, but it creates a strong starting point for the court's decision.

Factors to Rebut the Presumption

To overcome the presumption against custody or visitation, the accused parent must present evidence that it is in the child's best interest to have custody or visitation rights. This typically involves demonstrating the following:

    • Completion of a batterer's treatment program.
    • Successful completion of probation or parole.
    • Participation in counseling or therapy, if ordered.
    • Evidence of rehabilitation, particularly regarding drug or alcohol issues.
    • Proof of no further acts of domestic violence.

Protection of the Child's Safety

The paramount concern for the court is the safety and well-being of the child. If there are legitimate concerns that allowing the parent who committed domestic violence to have custody or visitation would endanger the child, the court may take protective measures. These could include ordering supervised visitation or implementing other safeguards to ensure the child's safety.

Weight of Evidence

Family courts in California are tasked with weighing all the evidence and making decisions based on the totality of the circumstances. This means considering various factors, such as the severity and frequency of the domestic violence, the existence of protective orders, and the steps taken by the accused parent to address and prevent further violence.


Family Code Section 3044 reflects California's commitment to protecting children from the harmful effects of domestic violence. It emphasizes that the safety and well-being of the child must take precedence in custody decisions. Importantly, it also allows accused parents the opportunity to present evidence to rebut the presumption against custody or visitation, provided they can demonstrate that it's in the child's best interest and that they've taken steps to address the issue.

Every child custody case involving domestic violence is unique, and the court's decisions are based on the specific circumstances of the case. Parents involved in such cases should seek legal counsel to navigate this intricate legal terrain and ensure the best interests of the child are protected above all else.

Do You Have Questions About Child Custody and Domestic Violence? Contact The Geller Firm

If you have questions or concerns about child custody and domestic violence, consider contacting The Geller Firm. Our team of experienced and respected divorce attorneys are here to help during this difficult time. We are located in the San Francisco Bay Area and are proud to provide legal services in Walnut Creek, Lafayette, Orinda, Moraga, and Contra Costa County, along with San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, and Pleasanton. Our legal team is available for virtual and in-person consultations. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.

About the Author

Michael Geller

Michael Geller grew up in San Francisco, CA. He attended the University of Southern California for his undergraduate studies, the City University of New York for his medical training, and Santa Clara University School of Law for his legal education.


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